The classical physics of the great Isaac Newton is based on observations related to everyday objects, since the fall of an apple to planets in orbit. Its laws were tested extensively since its discovery in the XVII century. But, when physicists began to create tools to investigate the tiny particles of atoms, discovered something that left them astonished: the physics of Newton was not working in the sub-atomic world. Throughout the twentieth century was creating a completely new scientific description to explain the world of the tiny. This new knowledge, known as quantum mechanics or quantum physics, does not come to replace the physics of Newton, who works and very well to explain the large objects, macroscopic. The new physics, in contrast, is discovered for reaching the subatomic world.
The universe is a miracle,
as I would say the philosopher and mathematician Russian P. Ouspensky. There would
appear two groups of laws that govern the universe. At the level of the daily
lives of all of us, things are explained according to the laws of the dynamics
and movement that discovered Newton (the laws explain the bodies in movement, they
allow and calculate trajectories), as well as the law of gravity, etc. However,
when we arrived to a smaller scale, at the level of the atoms, displays a
different set of laws. Are the quantum laws.
In 1900, the German physicist
Max Planck first used the term quantum applied to science. It comes from a
Latin word that means simply sum or quantity, but is used to designate the
smallest unit of energy or the matter.
What quantum theory has
revealed leave us as stunned since it sounds like science fiction: the
particles can be in two or more places at once. (See the movie "And thou
what do you know?" for more information). Einstein said that nothing can
travel faster than the speed of light, but quantum physics have demonstrated
that the subatomic particles are communicated to appear instantly, regardless
of the extension of the space. Although the instantaneous speed has been
demonstrated by the quantum physics, who also referred to this in his teachings
The classical physics was
reductionist. It was based on the premise that only if you know the different
parts, you can finally understand everything. The new physics is more organic
and holistic; paints a picture of the universe as a unified whole, whose
parties are interconnected and influence over each other.
Perhaps the most important
thing is that quantum physics has cleared the sharp division between subject
and object, between observer and observed, that has dominated the western
In quantum physics, the observer
influences the observed object. There are no observers isolated from the
mechanical universe, but that all participates in the universe.
The psychological and
philosophical implications of these findings are extraordinary. Because if the
observer is not impartial, therefore the interest settles in study to which
notes, i.e. the attention of the study is directed toward the same mind of man.
Therefore depth psychology and quantum mechanics are closely related.
W.Heisenberg (Nobel Prize for Physics) argued that the mind was a factor
inherent to the problem. Referred to the act of the measurement as to the
"act of registering the result in the mind of the observer".
According to David Bohm,
physical and at the same time disciple of Krishnamurti, quantum mechanics
reveals that the reality is a unified whole in which everything is connected at
a profound level that goes beyond the limits of ordinary space and time. Bohm
launched the idea that there is a "implied order" from which emanates
everything known to man. This same reflection to which arrives David Bohm since
its field, physics, is that up Jung from the field of the science of the mind
or Psychology when he referred to the archetypes (model paramount) as factors
computers of human life. And his conception of the collective unconscious,
which is one for the whole of humanity. That is to say, there are 7 billion
inhabitants according to UN, 7 billion egos and a single collective unconscious
for the entire humanity. Jung, personally, helped the development of Quantum
Physics, teaching, guiding and directing in his ideas to the Nobel Prize of
Physics Wolfgang Pauli. That is why the Professor Leon Azoulay incorporated
into the program of training of Evolutionary Psychology an item about the
Quantum Physics and its relationship with our psyche.